South Africa World Fact - Hostel in Europe






South Africa

South Africa South Africa could easily be acknowledged as the most beautiful country in the world. South Africa offers the visitor a breathtaking variety of scenery, from desert and lush forest, to soaring mountains and vast empty plains. Culturally as diverse as the landscape, many visitors are drawn to experience for themselves the miracle of the peaceful overthrow of Apartheid. Others are attracted by endless golden beaches, big game, diving or snorkelling or bird watching. Whatever the reason to visit South Africa, you will be amazed by your experiences in this far away land.

Area: 1.219.411 Km²
Population: 43.586.000 (2001 est.)
Density: 36 pop/Km²

System of government: Parliamentary Republic
Capital: Pretoria (1.314.000 pop.) administrative center, Capetown (2.727.000 pop.) legislative center, Bloemfontein (250.000 pop.) judicial center
Major cities: Johannesburg 2.172.000 pop., Durban 1.000.000 pop., Port Elizabeth 500.000 pop.
Ethnic majority: Black 70% (Zulu 20%, Xhosa 19%, North Sotho 8%, Tswana 7%, others 16%), White 17%, Colored 10%, Asian 3%
Border countries: Namibia NORTH-WEST, Botswana and Zimbabwe NORTH, Mozambique and Swaziland NORTH-EAST, Lesotho inland to country

Principal mountains: Injasuti 3446 m
Principal rivers: Orange 1750 Km (south african part, total 2092 Km), Limpopo 1600 Km (total, with batswana, mozambican and zimbabwean tracts)
Principal lakes: Lake Saint Lucia
Principal islands: Prince Edward Islands 310 Km²
Climate: Temperate warm

Language: 11 officials languages, Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Sotho, Pedi, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu
Religion: Christian 30%, Indigenous Beliefs 17%, Hindu, Muslim and others 53%
Currency: Rand (ZAR)

Fixed public holidays: 1/1, 21/3, 27/4, 1/5, 16/6, 9/8, 24/9, 16/12, 25/12, 26/12
Dialling code: 0027
GMT: +2

World Heritage List: