Mongolia World Fact - Hostel in Europe


Mongolia This interesting country, lying next to Russia and China, consists of a big area of grassland, mountains and Gobi desert. Beeing Buddhists, 30 % of the population is in fact living like nomades. You will have an experience of a lifetime, going to see this amazing mix of Buddhist tradition and culture, almost like travelling back in time, not only seeing the life of the people, but also the untouched nature.

Area: 1.566.839 Km²
Population: 2.655.000 (2001 est.)
Density: 1,5 pop/Km²

System of government: Parliamentary Republic
Capital: Ulan-Bator (680.000 pop.)
Major cities: Darhan 85.800 pop., Erdenet 56.000 pop.
Ethnic majority: Mongol Khalkha 75%, Others Mongol 12%, Kazakh 5%, Russian 2%
Border countries: Russia NORTH, China SOUTH and EAST

Principal mountains: Munh-Hajrhan-Ula 4362 m
Principal rivers: Selenga (with Ider) 1067 Km (mongolian tract, total 1476 Km), Orhon 1124 Km
Principal lakes: Ubsu-Nur 3350 Km², Hubsugul-Nur 2620 Km², Hirgis-Nur 1420 Km², Hara-Us-Nur 1400 Km²
Principal islands: -
Climate: Continental

Language: Mongol (official), Kazakh
Religion: Tibetan Buddhist
Currency: Tugrik (MNT)

Fixed public holidays: 1/1, 1/6, 11/7, 12/7, 13/7, 26/11
Dialling code: 00976
GMT: +8

World Heritage List: