United Kingdom World Fact - Hostel in Europe






United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, as its official name indicates is formed by the regions of Scotland, England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. The UK is home to some of the most exciting cities in the world; cosmopolitan London, intelectual Oxford, beautiful Edinburgh, lively Manchester and Liverpool, all in one country. Needless to mention, you'll get an experience of a lifetime when you visit the UK.

Area: 244.064 Km²
Population: 59.232.000
Density: 243 pop/Km²

System of government: Constitutional monarchy
Capital: London (7.355.000 pop.)
Major cities: Birmingham 990.000 pop. (2.576.000 urban aggl.), Leeds 717.000 pop. (2.089.000 urban aggl.), Glasgow 579.000 pop. (1.168.000 urban aggl.), Sheffield 512.000 pop. (1.267.000 urban aggl.), Edimburgh 449.000 pop., Liverpool 442.000 pop. (1.361.000 urban aggl.), Manchester 422.000 pop. (2.514.000 urban aggl.), Bristol 382.000 pop., Newcastle 260.000 pop. (1.074.000 urban aggl.)
Ethnic majority: White 92%, Asian 4,5%, Black 2%, others 1,5%
Border countries:Ireland WEST

Principal mountains: Ben Nevis 1343 m
Principal rivers: Severn 354 Km, Thames 338 Km
Principal lakes: Lough Neagh 382 Km²
Principal islands: Great Britain 229.885 Km², Ireland 14.120 Km² (british part, total 84.420 Km²), Hebrides 7.770 Km² (Lewis 2172 Km², Skye 1638 Km², Mull 891 Km², Islay 615 Km²), Shetland Islands 1.474 Km² (Mainland 970 Km², Yell 216 Km²), Orkney Islands 991 Km² (Mainland 503 Km², Hoy 144 Km²), Arran Isle 428 Km²
Climate: temperate

Language: English (official), Welsh, Gaelic
Religion: Christian 72%, Muslim 3%, Hindu 1%, others 24%
Currency: British Pound (GBP)

Fixed public holidays:1/1, 2/1 (only Scozia), 17/3 (only North Ireland), first and last monday of march, 12/7 (only North Ireland), first monday of august (only Scozia), last monday of august (excluded Scozia), 25/12, 26/12
Dialling code: 0044
GMT: 0

World Heritage List: